The term “cloud computing” is no longer a new one because, in the last decade, this field has contributed to solving many problems businesses and employees face in accessing the databases and information they need at work.
It was expected that cloud computing would become a crucial part of business, especially after more businesses moving to work remotely. Therefore, a set of legislation related to its use has been issued in the Arab countries.
Countries around the world have moved to automate business and introduce cloud computing in the implementation and achievement of its goals. The following list aims to introduce the most prominent applications and uses that revealed how cloud computing has changed work methods in government or private sectors:
Through the introduction of this technology in their business frames, the DIFC has been able to enact many laws that are directly related to the protection of regulations and data. These laws apply to the activities related to it, such as banking services and financial centers.
It was launched in November 2015 by the member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council and was regarded as the first pioneering project focused on accelerating business by cloud computing.
The aim was to introduce technology to the benefit of economic priorities and technologies and to eventually become an effective alternative to oil that has a prominent place in the world of the sustainable economy at the level of the Gulf region. And accordingly, cloud computing has changed the ways of working in this domain by raising the level of national capabilities and enhancing the quality of the educational process, etc.
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, cloud computing has changed the business field by the development of the information sector and raising competition between companies specialized in technology and communication.
With that, it was possible to offer a variety of services that even included the government sector, where the Saudi government took initiation to merge ministries and institutions with the concept of cloud computing. As a result, the Communications and Information Technology Commission was established by order of the Saudi Shura Council.
Kuwait has applied cloud computing through many national initiatives that contribute to activating electronic archiving applications in its various forms in order to catch up with the digital revolution, and thus provided a set of practical solutions and effective strategies for the purposes of content management and organization of the storage process.
Today, 56 Kuwaiti government agencies are connected with a unified automatic network that allows the exchange of data, information, and various forms of electronic documents.
One of the first cloud service providers in the country as a result of a Saudi / German partnership aiming to provide integrated cloud services to companies along with additional services such as backup and security protection from attacks, and most importantly, the storage of all data remains within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
∆ The market size of cloud computing services in the United Arab Emirates reached more than one billion dirhams in 2020, and experts predict that 80% of companies operating in the UAE will rely completely or partially on cloud computing. It’s worth mentioning that the UAE government was the first to adopt cloud computing within its plans for digital transformation that began to take form many years ago. The government has also allowed many local and international companies to provide cloud computing services on its territory and contribute to the development of the infrastructure.
∆ The third version of the regulatory framework for cloud computing was issued in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in December 2020. The regulatory framework covered all the definitions, terms, and conditions that regulated the work of cloud service providers in the Kingdom and guaranteed the rights of all parties in accordance with the Kingdom’s vision and laws.
∆ In 1999 and under decree No.5, Kuwait issued a law that provides the protection of intellectual property and includes the protection of folders, various programs, and databases.
∆- A legal article (No.24) within one of the new Moroccan constitutional provisions was issued, and it stated: “The confidentiality of personal communications may not be violated in any form, and no permission can be granted to view their content, publish all or some of it, or use it against anyone, unless by a judicial order.”
∆ According to the Yemeni 2009 draft law, the legal article affirms the necessity of defining the principles necessary to regulate the right of acquiring information, conditions, procedures, exceptions, and the cost of obtaining this information within limits permitted by law.
∆ Electronic Transactions Law 69/2008 issued in the Sultanate of Oman, which includes provisions related to data protection in accordance with the United Nations Model Laws, specifically with regard to electronic commerce and electronic signatures.
∆ The cloud computing policy document presented in Qatar in 2020 came to support the goals and visions expected from the Qatar National Vision 2030 and in support of Qatar’s Second National Development Strategy for 2018-2022.
It also didn’t fail to consider the current state of the public and included recommendations centered on the comprehensive policy and an overall review. This emphasized the importance of developing robust cloud computing that is capable of achieving goals and in line with legal requirements.